The world’s largest religion, Christianity is based around the Bible and the teachings of Jesus Christ. Christians believe that God comes in three forms, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Where Christianity differs from Judaism and Islam is that they believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God. According to Christian scripture, the Virgin Mary conceived Jesus and gave birth to him in Bethlehem. Jesus grew and eventually gained a following, including twelve disciples. One of these disciples, Judas, betrayed Jesus to the Romans, leading to his crucifixion (which is why the cross is a holy symbol). After three days, Jesus rose from the dead on Easter Sunday.
One of the most important set of laws that govern Christianity are the Ten Commandments. Brought to the Hebrews by Moses after he freed them from the Egyptians, they lay the groundwork for worship. While some of the commandments changed depending on the translation, in modern day, the King James’ version (listed below) is the one that’s commonly agreed upon.
- Thou shalt have no other god before me
- Thou shalt not make upon thee any graven images
- Thou shalt not take the Lord’s name in vain
- Keep the sabbat holy
- Honor thy mother and father
- Thou shalt not kill
- Thou shalt not commit adultery
- Thou shalt not steal
- Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbors
- Thou shalt not covet
Perhaps one of the most well known parts of Christianity is how many different sects there are. From Catholic to Baptist, there seem to be as many ways to practice Christianity as there are fish in the sea. While Catholicism is the oldest form of Christianity, the other sects were derived from it due to differences in belief. While some people argued over the religious leadership, and others argued over whether the Bible should be read by the public. One of the most famous schisms is that of the Church of England.
King Henry VIII is best known for two things: having six wives and creating the Church of England. These actually go hand in hand, harkening back to the marriage to his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. Catherine was originally supposed to be his brother’s wife, and did marry him, but Prince Arthur passed away shortly after the marriage. Rather than go back to Spain, Catherine stated that her husband had passed so quickly that they hadn’t had time to consummate the marriage. Due to this, the Church decided that she was free to marry King Henry. Fast forward twenty-four years and Catherine had yet to give Henry a son. Henry was also falling in love with a young woman at court, Anne Boleyn, who refused to fall for Henry’s charms unless he made her queen. In order to do this, Henry declared that Catherine had actually consummated her marriage with his brother and attempted to divorce her. When the Catholic Pope refused to grant the divorce, Henry broke from the Catholic Church and created the Church of England, where he then divorced Catherine.