Definition: A simile is a comparison between two or more things using the words like or as.
Examples: Her eyes were as vibrant as the forest. He fought using swords like a master.
Definition: Metaphors are comparisons between two or more things without using the words like or as.
Examples: Sam broke her heart when he left. A sea of mist came slithering through the forest. (Technically the second example is also personification, as mist cannot slither.)
Definition: Hyperbole is an obvious exaggeration of something, whether it by the size of something, the amount, or something else.
Examples: There were ten billion ants crawling on the counter. The fish was so big it ate my boat and the homework on it!
Definition: Oxymorons are when two opposites are put together in the same description.
Examples: The cold water made her hands burn.
Definition: Onomatopoeia is when sound words are used for noise.
Examples: Bang! Boom! Splat! Bark. Ribbit. Meow. Creak.
Definition: Alliteration is when two or more consecutive words share the same sound. In some cases, the words don’t have to be consecutive if there’s enough of them in the sentence.
Examples: Sally sat silently in the sand. James jumped over the jagged metal.
Definition: Personification is when something that isn’t human is described like one or given the traits of one.
Examples: The shadows danced on the walls. The door hinges screeched out in agony as the door was closed. The wind whispered through the trees.
Definition: Synecdoche is when you use part of something to stand for the whole. This also is what it’s called when you use a material to refer to the whole.
Examples: I asked for her hand in marriage. Jane laid out her mother’s finest silver.
Definition: Metonymy is when you use something related to something to reference it.
Examples: The orders came directly from the crown. Who will claim the throne? The suits are in the courtroom now.